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APA Style

Sample References

Example References

A reference for a basic book with one author:

Author, A.A. (1967). Title of book. Location: Publisher.


Gast, L.E. (2012). Mastering approaches to diversity in social work. Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

A chapter in an edited book:

Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (1995). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.


Kayser, K. & Johnson, J.K. (2008). Divorce. In Mizrahi, T. & Davis, T.E. (Eds.), The encyclopedia of social work (pp. 76-85).   New York: National Association of Social Workers.

A basic journal reference:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, x-xx.

An electronic journal with a DOI

Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx, x-xx. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxx 


Edwards, H.R. & Hoefer, R. (2010). Are social work advocacy groups using web 2.0 effectively? Journal of Policy Practice, 9, 220-229. doi:10.1080/15588742.2010.489037

What is a DOI?

A DOI (digital object identifier) is an article identification number provides a permanent url for an electronic resource. You can usually find the DOI   located on the first page of the electronic journal article, near the copyright notice.

Can't find the DOI of an electronic journal? Cite like this:

Author, A.A. (year) Title of article. Title of Periodical, x, xx-xx. Retrieved from: https://xxxx

Website with Authors Identified

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of document. Retrieved from https://xxxx

Website with No Authors

When there is no author for a web page, the title moves to the first position of the reference entry.

Example of a website without an author:

National Institute of Mental Health. (2010). Retrieved from

Print newspaper article:

Author, A. (1983, September 30). Title of article. Newspaper Title, pp. A1, A4.

Online newspaper article:

Author, A.A. (2009, December 11). Title of article. Newspaper Title. Retrieved from


Wu, J.Q. (2010, August 22). Controlling emotion key to this game. The Boston Globe. Retrieved from

Non-Profit Tax Return:

Name of Org. (Tax Year). Return of organization exempt from income tax [Form 990]. City: Publisher or Retrieved from url or database name.


Association of Social Work Boards. (2012). Return of organization exempt from income tax [Form 990].
Retrieved from

Publicly Available Financial Statements:

Name of Financial Consultant. (Year, Month Day). Title of document. City: Publisher or Retrieved from url or database name.


James K. Smith & Associates. (2013, January 31). Homeless Shelter Non-profit: Consolidated financial statement. Retrieved from

Example (use the Bookmark/Save link for your web address):

U.S. Census Bureau. (2014). 2010-2014 American Community Survey, 5-year estimates, table S1501, educational attainment: Massachusetts
[Data file]. Retrieved from