Remember that Creative Commons Licenses are applied to derivative or collected works that also carry CC Licenses. They are not designed to be applied to works that are covered solely by copyright law - unless the work is in the public domain or carries a public domain dedication. In general, you can apply an appropriate Creative Commons License to the OER you create, including derivative and share-alike works. Remember to attribute authors/creators appropriately. Attribution can happen in the text, as footnotes, endnotes, or some other fashion that suits the situation. The following are examples of acceptable phrasing:
"Unless otherwise noted, this work is licensed under CC BY-SA by [your name]"
"Unless otherwise noted, this presentation and unattributed photos are licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 by Carol Brigham"
If you look closely at the various parts of this LibGuide, you will find attribution for the graphics, the list of resources for finding OER, and finally the attribution applied to the guide itself.
When you are ready to apply a Creative Commons to a work you have created, think about the terms of the licenses. All CC Licenses require users of your work to give you credit - hence the Attribution Element (BY) appears in all six licenses.
The CC License Chooser
The Creative Commons website has a License Chooser tool that is available at https://creativecommons.org/choose/. Answer a few questions about how you want others to be able to use your work, input some data about you and the work, and the License Chooser will provide the appropriate CC License along with the formatted statement for you to include with your work.
Things to Consider
Collections are made up of multiple works that are not altered or adapted in any way – they appear separately in their original state. Collections can include works
Each individual item in a collection must be attributed and include its licensing status. It is important to remember that the licenses that are applied to the individual pieces in the collection affect the license that can be applied to the collection itself. The inclusion of works covered by a license that includes NonCommercial means that the collection itself must carry an NC license component.
Adaptations, remixes, and derivative works are different from collections in that they alter the appearance or intent of the original work. A few examples include: altering a photograph by changing the colors or adding an image to the photo. A translation of a work from one language to another is also considered an adaptation because the nuances of language may alter the author’s original intent. The resulting work is considered unique in itself and is thus protected by copyright. Uses such as employing a quote or excerpt from a work into something like an article does not generally constitute a derivative work if the excerpt is used as an example or to clarify an idea. However, if the new work is built on the excerpt, then it is considered an adaptation.